We have, at one time or another, possibly experienced acne, especially in our teenage years when acne is most active. We might have experienced whiteheads or that simple blackhead, but some people may have experienced a more severe form of acne called cystic acne. Then what is cystic acne and what are the causes of cystic acne?
Cystic acne is considered the heaviest of all types of “common acne”. The skin changes in cystic acne are deep, inflamed and painful. It’s almost like an acne with knots, but the bumps in the skin are filled with pus and are bigger that it can stretch even to a few inches. Sometimes the bumps on the skin appear in large groups and widespread.
Acne characterized by cysts not only appears on the face, but like the other common acne, it can also appear in the chest, shoulders and even in the scalp.
The exact causes of cystic acne are not yet known. There are cases where it is associated with genetic factors, and there could have been myths about certain foods causing acne, but they were not found to be the real causes of acne. However, some foods are identified as triggering factors that exacerbate the existing acne.
Acne starts with pores in the skin that are blocked by oil in the skin, so anything that can lead to pore blockage can trigger acne breakouts. For example, the use of oil-based makeup can clog pores that can trigger acne. Other identified triggering factors include direct sunlight, tight clothing and helmets, rubbing or scrubbing of the skin and, of course, skin lesions.
The main causes of cystic acne have not yet been determined, but they are found to be from clogged pores, which are blocked by excess oil in the skin and dead skin cells. If bacteria live on the skin and grow on clogged pores, it can lead to infections and inflammation. The infection can lead to deeper nodes and develop pus. The skin lesions can also get bigger.
When acne starts, it is important to pay attention to the skin lesions. In some cases acne starts from the formation of milder forms such as blackheads and whiteheads, but some may appear directly in its severe form like the nodules or cysts.
Cystic acne is considered heavy and not only affects the surface but also deeply into the skin, so it also develops small to large scars as well as deep ones that are often permanent and difficult to treat. One should also resist the urge to squeeze the lesions, as this can aggravate scarring and lead to the formation of dimples that can only be treated surgically.
Cystic acne, when it occurs in large groups, can even lead to more damage in the cells, which can lead to a more severe type of acne, the acne conglobata, where it then comes to the formation of abscesses, which are deeply embedded in the skin , Worst of all, this type of acne is a very disfiguring species and most often needs help from a dermatologist.
We may not be able to know the real causes of cystic acne, but it is very important to treat our skin with extreme care, as scars caused by severe acne are difficult to treat and cause irreparable mental damage cause our lives.